Pediatric emergency medicine is a medical subspecialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of acute illnesses and injuries of patients under the age of 18 within the emergency department (ED) setting. These physicians provide rapid evaluation with simultaneous stabilization of any life-...

According to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), hand surgery is a surgical subspecialty focused on the study of congenital and acquired defects of the hand and wrist that compromise the function of the hand. This includes nerve repair and nerve reconstruction, and...

Pediatric surgery is a subspecialty of general surgery that focuses on providing surgical care for patients under 18 years of age. According to the American College of Surgeons (ACS), pediatric surgeons are primarily concerned with the diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative...

Gynecologic oncology is the medical subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology concerned with the study and treatment of cancers and noncancerous conditions of the female reproductive organs. According to the Mayo Clinic, gynecologic oncologists offer an integrated approach to the diagnosis and...

Musculoskeletal oncology is an area of orthopedic surgery that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant tumors of bone and connective soft tissues in children and adults. This includes the diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care of patients with cancers that have...

According to the American College of Physicians, pulmonary disease is the subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the diagnosis and management of diseases of the lungs, upper airways, thoracic cavity, and chest wall. Pulmonary disease specialists, or pulmonologists, also have expertise...

Addiction medicine focuses on the prevention, evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery of patients of all ages with the disease of addiction, substance-related disorders, and associated health conditions. Physicians in this subspecialty of preventive medicine also help family members whose...

According to the American College of Surgeons (ACS), plastic surgery encompasses the repair, reconstruction, or replacement of physical defects of form or function involving the skin, cranio-maxillofacial structures, musculoskeletal system, breast and trunk, extremities, hands, and external...

According to the American Board of Medical Specialties, pathologists focus on the causes and nature of disease. They contribute to diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment through knowledge gained by the laboratory application of the biological, chemical, and physical sciences. They use information...

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the anatomy, function, and diseases of the eye. According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), an ophthalmologist is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists are specially...

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