According to the American College of Physicians (ACP), clinical cardiac electrophysiology (CCEP) is an area of specialty training within cardiovascular disease that focuses on the management of complex cardiac electrophysiologic diseases of the heart. Internal medicine physicians who specialize...

Pediatric endocrinology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that manages diseases related to hormonal regulation during infancy, childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), pediatric endocrinologists diagnose, treat, and manage endocrine...

According to the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), surgical critical care is a subspecialty of surgery that manages complex surgical and medical problems in critically ill and injured patients, particularly trauma victims and patients with serious infections and organ failure. The...

A sleep medicine physician is one with demonstrated expertise in the diagnosis and management of clinical conditions that occur during sleep, that disturb sleep, or that are affected by disturbances in the wake-sleep cycle. This specialist is skilled in the analysis and interpretation of...

The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) defines physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also referred to as physiatry or rehabilitation medicine, as the medical specialty concerned with evaluating, diagnosing, and treating patients with physical disorders or disabilities....

Endocrinology is the subspecialty of internal medicine and pediatrics concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and investigation of hormone-related diseases and conditions. The endocrine system includes the hypothalamus, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal glands, ovaries, and testes.

Occupational and environmental medicine (OEM), sometimes referred to simply as occupational medicine, is a clinical and population-based medical specialty devoted to the prevention and management of occupational and environmental injury, illness, and disability, as well as the promotion of the...

The subspecialty of hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) is the medical component of the broad therapeutic model known as palliative care. These subspecialists reduce the burden of life-threatening conditions by supporting the best quality of life throughout the course of an illness and by...

According to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), a surgical oncologist is a well-qualified surgeon who has had additional training and experience in the multidisciplinary approach to the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients with cancer,...

The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) defines medical genetics and genomics as the medical specialty that involves the interaction between genes and health. Medical geneticists are physicians trained to evaluate, diagnose, manage, treat, and counsel individuals of all ages with...

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